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Version 6。0 (2018) 


The Responsible Business Alliance (RBA), formerly the Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition 

(EICC), Code of Conduct establishes standards to ensure that working conditions in the 

electronics industry or industries in which electronics is a key component and its supply chains 

爱波彩票平台are safe, that workers are treated with respect and dignity, and that business operations are 

environmentally responsible and conducted ethically. 

Considered as part of the electronics industry for purposes of this Code are all organizations 

爱波彩票平台that may design, market, manufacture, or provide goods and services that are used to produce 

爱波彩票平台electronic goods. The Code may be voluntarily adopted by any business in the electronics 

爱波彩票平台sector and subsequently applied by that business to its supply chain and subcontractors, 

including providers of contract labor。 

To adopt the Code and become a participant (“Participant”), a business shall declare its support 

for the Code and actively pursue conformance to the Code and its standards in accordance with 

a management system as herein. 

Participants must regard the Code as a total supply chain initiative. At a minimum, Participants 

爱波彩票平台shall also require its next tier suppliers to acknowledge and implement the Code. 

Fundamental to adopting the Code is the understanding that a business, in all of its activities, 

must operate in full compliance with the laws, rules and regulations of the countries in which it 

operates。1 The Code encourages Participants to go beyond legal compliance, drawing upon 

internationally recognized standards, in order to advance social and environmental responsibility 

and business ethics. In alignment with the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human 

Rights, the provisions in this Code are derived from key international human rights standards 

including the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and the UN 

爱波彩票平台Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 

爱波彩票平台1 The Code is not intended to create new and additional third party rights, including for workers. 

The RBA is committed to obtaining regular input from stakeholders in the continued 

爱波彩票平台development and implementation of the Code of Conduct. 

The Code is made up of five sections. Sections A, B, and C outline standards for Labor, Health 

爱波彩票平台and Safety, and the Environment, respectively. Section D adds standards relating to business 

ethics; Section E outlines the elements of an acceptable system to manage conformity to this 



Participants are committed to uphold the human rights of workers, and to treat them with dignity 

and respect as understood by the international community. This applies to all workers including 

temporary, migrant, student, contract, direct employees, and any other type of worker。 The 

recognized standards, as set out in the annex, were used as references in preparing the Code 

and may be a useful source of additional information. 

The labor standards are: 

爱波彩票平台1) Freely Chosen Employment 

Forced, bonded (including debt bondage) or indentured labor, involuntary or exploitative prison 

labor, slavery or trafficking of persons shall not be used. This includes transporting, harboring, 

recruiting, transferring or receiving persons by means of threat, force, coercion, abduction or 

fraud for labor or services. There shall be no unreasonable restrictions on workers’ freedom of 

movement in the facility in addition to unreasonable restrictions on entering or exiting company-

provided facilities. As part of the hiring process, workers must be provided with a written 

employment agreement in their native language that contains a description of terms and 

爱波彩票平台conditions of employment prior to the worker departing from his or her country of origin and 

there shall be no substitution or change(s) allowed in the employment agreement upon arrival in 

the receiving country unless these changes are made to meet local law and provide equal or 

better terms。。 All work must be voluntary and workers shall be free to leave work at any time or 

terminate their employment Employers and agents may not hold or otherwise destroy, conceal, 

confiscate or deny access by employees to their identity or immigration documents, such as 

government-issued identification, passports or work permits, unless such holdings are required 

by law. Workers shall not be required to pay employers’ or agents’ recruitment fees or other 

related fees for their employment. If any such fees are found to have been paid by workers, 

such fees shall be repaid to the worker。 

2) Young Workers 

Child labor is not to be used in any stage of manufacturing. The term “child” refers to any person 

under the age of 15, or under the age for completing compulsory education, or under the 

minimum age for employment in the country, whichever is greatest. The use of legitimate 

workplace learning programs, which comply with all laws and regulations, is supported. Workers 

under the age of 18 (Young Workers) shall not perform work that is likely to jeopardize their 

health or safety, including night shifts and overtime. Participant shall ensure proper 

management of student workers through proper maintenance of student records, rigorous due 

diligence of educational partners, and protection of students’ rights in accordance with 

applicable law and regulations. Participant shall provide appropriate support and training to all 

student workers。 In the absence of local law, the wage rate for student workers, interns and 

apprentices shall be at least the same wage rate as other entry-level workers performing equal 

or similar tasks。 

爱波彩票平台3) Working Hours 

Studies of business practices clearly link worker strain to reduced productivity, increased 

turnover and increased injury and illness. . Working hours are not to exceed the maximum set 

by local law. Further, a workweek should not be more than 60 hours per week, including 

overtime, except in emergency or unusual situations。 Workers shall be allowed at least one day 

off every seven days。 

爱波彩票平台4) Wages and Benefits 

Compensation paid to workers shall comply with all applicable wage laws, including those 

relating to minimum wages, overtime hours and legally mandated benefits。 In compliance with 

local laws, workers shall be compensated for overtime at pay rates greater than regular hourly 

rates。 Deductions from wages as a disciplinary measure shall not be permitted。 For each pay 

period, workers shall be provided with a timely and understandable wage statement that 

includes sufficient information to verify accurate compensation for work performed。 All use of 

temporary, dispatch and outsourced labor will be within the limits of the local law。 

5) Humane Treatment 

There is to be no harsh and inhumane treatment including any sexual harassment, sexual 

爱波彩票平台abuse, corporal punishment, mental or physical coercion or verbal abuse of workers; nor is 

there to be the threat of any such treatment. Disciplinary policies and procedures in support of 

these requirements shall be clearly defined and communicated to workers。 

6) Non-Discrimination 

Participants should be committed to a workforce free of harassment and unlawful discrimination. 

Companies shall not engage in discrimination based on race, color, age, gender, sexual 

orientation, gender identity and expression, ethnicity or national origin, disability, pregnancy, 

爱波彩票平台religion, political affiliation, union membership, covered veteran status, protected genetic 

information or marital status in hiring and employment practices such as wages, promotions, 

rewards, and access to training。 Workers shall be provided with reasonable accommodation for 

爱波彩票平台religious practices。 In addition, workers or potential workers should not be subjected to medical 

tests or physical exams that could be used in a discriminatory way. 

7) Freedom of Association 

In conformance with local law, participants shall respect the right of all workers to form and join 

trade unions of their own choosing, to bargain collectively and to engage in peaceful assembly 

as well as respect the right of workers to refrain from such activities. Workers and/or their 

爱波彩票平台representatives shall be able to openly communicate and share ideas and concerns with 

management regarding working conditions and management practices without fear of 

discrimination, reprisal, intimidation or harassment. 


Participants recognize that in addition to minimizing the incidence of work-related injury and 

illness, a safe and healthy work environment enhances the quality of products and services, 

consistency of production and worker retention and morale. Participants also recognize that 

ongoing worker input and education is essential to identifying and solving health and safety 

issues in the workplace. 

Recognized management systems such as OHSAS 18001 and ILO Guidelines on Occupational 

Safety and Health were used as references in preparing the Code and may be a useful source 

of additional information。 

The health and safety standards are: 

1) Occupational Safety 

Worker potential for exposure to safety hazards (e.g., chemical, electrical and other energy 

sources, fire, vehicles, and fall hazards) are to be identified and assessed, and controlled 

through proper design, engineering and administrative controls, preventative maintenance and 

safe work procedures (including lockout/tagout), and ongoing safety training。 Where hazards 

cannot be adequately controlled by these means, workers are to be provided with appropriate, 

爱波彩票平台well-maintained, personal protective equipment and educational materials about risks to them 

associated with these hazards。 Reasonable steps must also be taken to remove pregnant 

women/nursing mothers from working condition with high hazards, remove or reduce any 

workplace health and safety risks to pregnant women and nursing mothers including those 

associated with their work assignments, as well as include reasonable accommodations for 

nursing mothers。 

2) Emergency Preparedness 

Potential emergency situations and events are to be identified and assessed, and their impact 

minimized by implementing emergency plans and response procedures including: emergency 

reporting, employee notification and evacuation procedures, worker training and drills, 

appropriate fire detection and suppression equipment, clear and unobstructed egress adequate 

exit facilities and recovery plans. Such plans and procedures shall focus on minimizing harm to 

life, the environment and property。 

3) Occupational Injury and Illness 

Procedures and systems are to be in place to prevent, manage, track and report occupational 

injury and illness including provisions to: encourage worker reporting; classify and record injury 

and illness cases; provide necessary medical treatment; investigate cases and implement 

爱波彩票平台corrective actions to eliminate their causes; and facilitate return of workers to work. 

4) Industrial Hygiene 

Worker exposure to chemical, biological and physical agents is to be identified, evaluated, and 

controlled according to the hierarchy of controls. Potential hazards are to be eliminated or 

爱波彩票平台controlled through proper design, engineering and administrative controls。 When hazards 

cannot be adequately controlled by such means, workers are to be provided with and use 

appropriate, well-maintained, personal protective equipment. Protective programs shall include 

educational materials about the risks associated with these hazards。 

5) Physically Demanding Work 

Worker exposure to the hazards of physically demanding tasks, including manual material 

handling and heavy or repetitive lifting, prolonged standing and highly repetitive or forceful 

assembly tasks is to be identified, evaluated and controlled. 

6) Machine Safeguarding 

Production and other machinery shall be evaluated for safety hazards. Physical guards, 

interlocks and barriers are to be provided and properly maintained where machinery presents 

an injury hazard to workers。 

爱波彩票平台7) Sanitation, Food, and Housing 

Workers are to be provided with ready access to clean toilet facilities, potable water and 

sanitary food preparation, storage, and eating facilities. Worker dormitories provided by the 

Participant or a labor agent are to be maintained to be clean and safe, and provided with 

appropriate emergency egress, hot water for bathing and showering, adequate lighting heat and 

ventilation, individually secured accommodations for storing personal and valuable items, and 

reasonable personal space along with reasonable entry and exit privileges. 

8) Health and Safety Communication 

Participant shall provide workers with appropriate workplace health and safety information and 

training in the language of the worker or in a language the worker can understand for all 

identified workplace hazards that workers are exposed to, including but not limited to 

爱波彩票平台mechanical, electrical, chemical, fire, and physical hazards.. Health and safety related 

information shall be clearly posted in the facility or placed in a location identifiable and 

accessible by workers. Training is provided to all workers prior to the beginning of work and 

regularly thereafter。 Workers shall be encouraged to raise safety concerns 


Participants recognize that environmental responsibility is integral to producing world class 

爱波彩票平台products. In manufacturing operations, adverse effects on the community, environment and 

natural resources are to be minimized while safeguarding the health and safety of the public. 

Recognized management systems such as ISO 14001 and the Eco Management and Audit 

System (EMAS) were used as references in preparing the Code and may be a useful source of 

additional information。 

The environmental standards are: 

1) Environmental Permits and Reporting 

All required environmental permits (e。g。 discharge monitoring), approvals and registrations are 

to be obtained, maintained and kept current and their operational and reporting requirements 

are to be followed. 

2) Pollution Prevention and Resource Reduction 

Emissions and discharges of pollutants and generation of waste are to be minimized or 

eliminated at the source or by practices such as adding pollution control equipment; modifying 

production, maintenance and facility processes; or by other means. The use of natural 

resources, including water, fossil fuels, minerals and virgin forest products, is to be conserved or 

by practices such as modifying production, maintenance and facility processes, materials 

substitution, re-use, conservation, recycling or other means. 

3) Hazardous Substances 

Chemicals and other materials posing a hazard to humans or the environment are to be 

identified, labelled and managed to ensure their safe handling, movement, storage, use, 

recycling or reuse and disposal。 

4) Solid Waste 

Participant shall implement a systematic approach to identify, manage, reduce, and 

responsibly dispose of or recycle solid waste (non-hazardous). 

5) Air Emissions 

Air emissions of volatile organic chemicals, aerosols, corrosives, particulates, ozone depleting 

chemicals and combustion by-products generated from operations are to be characterized, 

routinely monitored, controlled and treated as required prior to discharge。 Participant shall 

conduct routine monitoring of the performance of its air emission control systems。 

6) Materials Restrictions 

Participants are to adhere to all applicable laws, regulations and customer requirements 

regarding prohibition or restriction of specific substances in products and manufacturing, 

including labeling for recycling and disposal。 

7) Water Management 

Participant shall implement a water management program that documents, characterizes, and 

monitors water sources, use and discharge; seeks opportunities to conserve water; and controls 

channels of contamination. All wastewater is to be characterized, monitored, controlled, and 

爱波彩票平台treated as required prior to discharge or disposal. Participant shall conduct routine monitoring of 

the performance of its wastewater treatment and containment systems to ensure optimal 

performance and regulatory compliance。 

8) Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions 

Energy consumption and all relevant Scopes 1 and 2 greenhouse gas emissions are to be 

tracked and documented, at the facility and/or corporate level。 Participants are to look for cost- 

effective methods to improve energy efficiency and to minimize their energy consumption and 

greenhouse gas emissions. 


To meet social responsibilities and to achieve success in the marketplace, Participants and their 

agents are to uphold the highest standards of ethics including: 

1) Business Integrity 

The highest standards of integrity are to be upheld in all business interactions。 Participants shall 

have a zero tolerance policy to prohibit any and all forms of bribery, corruption, extortion and 


2) No Improper Advantage 

Bribes or other means of obtaining undue or improper advantage are not to be promised, 

offered, authorized, given or accepted. This prohibition covers promising, offering, authorizing, 

giving or accepting anything of value, either directly or indirectly through a third party, in order to 

obtain or retain business, direct business to any person, or otherwise gain an improper 

advantage. Monitoring and enforcement procedures shall be implemented to ensure compliance 

with anti-corruption laws. 

3) Disclosure of Information 

All business dealings should be transparently performed and accurately reflected on 

Participant’s business books and records. Information regarding participant labor, health and 

safety, environmental practices, business activities, structure, financial situation and 

爱波彩票平台performance is to be disclosed in accordance with applicable regulations and prevailing industry 

practices. Falsification of records or misrepresentation of conditions or practices in the supply 

chain are unacceptable. 

爱波彩票平台4) Intellectual Property 

爱波彩票平台Intellectual property rights are to be respected; transfer of technology and know- how is to be 

done in a manner that protects intellectual property rights; and, customer and supplier 

information is to be safeguarded. 

5) Fair Business, Advertising and Competition 

Standards of fair business, advertising and competition are to be upheld. 

6) Protection of Identity and Non-Retaliation 

Programs that ensure the confidentiality, anonymity and protection of supplier and employee 

爱波彩票平台whistleblowers2 are to be maintained, unless prohibited by law. Participants should have a 

communicated process for their personnel to be able to raise any concerns without fear of 


2 Whistleblower definition: Any person who makes a disclosure about improper conduct by an employee or officer of a company, or by a public 

official or official body。 

7) Responsible Sourcing of Minerals 

Participants shall have a policy to reasonably assure that the tantalum, tin, tungsten and gold in 

the products they manufacture does not directly or indirectly finance or benefit armed groups 

that are perpetrators of serious human rights abuses in the Democratic Republic of the Congo 

or an adjoining country. Participants shall exercise due diligence on the source and chain of 

custody of these minerals and make their due diligence measures available to customers upon 

customer request。 

8) Privacy 

Participants are to commit to protecting the reasonable privacy expectations of personal 

information of everyone they do business with, including suppliers, customers, consumers and 

employees。 Participants are to comply with privacy and information security laws and regulatory 

requirements when personal information is collected, stored, processed, transmitted, and 



Participants shall adopt or establish a management system whose scope is related to the 

content of this Code. The management system shall be designed to ensure: (a) compliance with 

applicable laws, regulations and customer requirements related to the participant’s operations 

and products; (b) conformance with this Code; and (c) identification and mitigation of operational 

risks related to this Code. It should also facilitate continual improvement. 

The management system should contain the following elements: 

1) Company Commitment 

A corporate social and environmental responsibility policy statements affirming Participant’s 

commitment to compliance and continual improvement, endorsed by executive management 

爱波彩票平台and posted in the facility in the local language. 

2) Management Accountability and Responsibility 

爱波彩票平台The Participant clearly identifies senior executive and company representative[s] responsible for 

ensuring implementation of the management systems and associated programs. Senior 

management reviews the status of the management system on a regular basis. 

3) Legal and Customer Requirements 

A process to identify, monitor and understand applicable laws, regulations and customer 

requirements, including the requirements of this Code. 

4) Risk Assessment and Risk Management 

A process to identify the legal compliance, environmental, health and safety3 and labor practice 

and ethics risks associated with Participant’s operations. Determination of the relative 

significance for each risk and implementation of appropriate procedural and physical controls to 

control the identified risks and ensure regulatory compliance 

3 Areas to be included in a risk assessment for environmental health and safety are production areas, warehouse and storage facilities, 

plant/facilities support equipment, laboratories and test areas, sanitation facilities (bathrooms), kitchen/cafeteria and worker 


5) Improvement Objectives 

Written performance objectives, targets and implementation plans to improve the Participant’s 

social and environmental performance, including a periodic assessment of Participant’s 

performance in achieving those objectives。 

6) Training 

Programs for training managers and workers to implement Participant’s policies, procedures 

and improvement objectives and to meet applicable legal and regulatory requirements。 

7) Communication 

A process for communicating clear and accurate information about Participant’s policies, 

practices, expectations and performance to workers, suppliers and customers. 

8) Worker Feedback, Participation and Grievance 

Ongoing processes, including an effective grievance mechanism, to assess employees’ 

understanding of and obtain feedback on or violations against practices and conditions covered 

by this Code and to foster continuous improvement. 

9) Audits and Assessments 

爱波彩票平台Periodic self-evaluations to ensure conformity to legal and regulatory requirements, the content 

of the Code and customer contractual requirements related to social and environmental 


10) Corrective Action Process 

A process for timely correction of deficiencies identified by internal or external assessments, 

inspections, investigations and reviews. 

11) Documentation and Records 

Creation and maintenance of documents and records to ensure regulatory compliance and 

conformity to company requirements along with appropriate confidentiality to protect privacy. 

12) Supplier Responsibility 

A process to communicate Code requirements to suppliers and to monitor supplier compliance 

to the Code. 


The following standards were used in preparing this Code and may be a useful source of 

additional information. The following standards may or may not be endorsed by each 


Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act 


Eco Management & Audit System http://ec。europa。eu/environment/emas/index_en。htm 

爱波彩票平台Ethical Trading Initiative www.ethicaltrade.org/ 

ILO Code of Practice in Safety and Health 


ILO International Labor Standards 


ISO 14001 www。iso。org 

National Fire Protection Association www.nfpa.org/catalog/home/AboutNFPA/index.asp 

OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict- 

爱波彩票平台Affected and High Risk Areas http://www。oecd。org/corporate/mne/mining。htm 

OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises 


OHSAS 18001 http://www。bsigroup。com/en-GB/ohsas-18001-occupational-health-and-safety/ 

爱波彩票平台Universal Declaration of Human Rights www.un.org/Overview/rights.html 

United Nations Convention Against Corruption https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/treaties/CAC/ 

United Nations Global Compact www。unglobalcompact。org 

United States Federal Acquisition Regulation www.acquisition.gov/far/ 

SA 8000 http://www。sa-intl。org/index。cfm?fuseaction=Page。ViewPage&PageID=937 

Social Accountability International (SAI) www.sa-intl.org 


爱波彩票平台Version 1.0 – Released October 2004. 

Version 1.1 – Released May 2005. Converted document to RBA format, minor page layout 

爱波彩票平台revisions; no content changes。 

Version 2.0 – Released October 2005 with revisions to multiple provisions. Version 3.0 – 

Released June 2009 with revisions to multiple provisions。 

Version 4。0 – Released April 2012 with revisions to multiple provisions。 Version 5。0 – Released 

November 2014 with revisions to multiple provisions. 

Version 5.1 – Released March 2015 with revision to A1 to take effect January 1, 2016. 

Version 6.0 – Released January 2018 with revisions to multiple provisions. 

The RBA Code of Conduct was initially developed by a number of companies engaged in the 

manufacture of electronics products between June and October 2004。 Companies are invited 

and encouraged to adopt this Code. You may obtain additional information from 





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